Negotiations under high prere: At the UN climate summit in CancÃºn, Mexico, participating states are struggling to make progress on global climate protection. German Environment Minister Norbert Rottgen (CDU) warned that the international community must demonstrate its ability to act. The summit ends on Friday.
In a symbolic action, Greenpeace submerged New York's Statue of Liberty, India's Taj Mahal and Paris' Eiffel Tower in CancÃºn. According to a study by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, sea levels will rise by around 30 centimeters by 2250 if the earth warms by 1.5 degrees Celsius. CancÃºn will negotiate a two-degree limit on temperature rise.
Former CDU Federal Environment Minister Klaus Topfer stressed the urgency of taking decisive action against climate change.
Topfer: Up to one billion people do not have enough to eat
"Already, up to one billion people in this world are suffering from hunger, malnutrition and malnutrition," said the former head of the UN Environment Program, who is currently vice president of German Agro Action. If climate change cannot be stopped, the world's growing population will not be able to feed itself.
Consultations in small circles had caused displeasure at the failed climate summit in Copenhagen a year ago. In response to fears that the majority of the 194 countries in CancÃºn could also be excluded in the final phase, Mexican climate envoy Luis Alfonso de Alba ared: "The negotiation process is transparent."The informal talks of the 50 ministers could also be followed by other government representatives. According to Alba, only Bolivia rejects this procedure.
Rottgen calls on states to keep pledges
In his speech to delegates at the conference, Rottgen said: "Here in CancÃºn, we must prove that we are determined and capable of multilateral action."The United Nations is the forum in which rules for climate protection should be agreed. He called on developed and emerging economies to make their existing pledges to reduce carbon dioxide emissions more transparent and binding.
The second step would be to explore how to increase individual countries' contributions to limit global warming to two degrees Celsius. Green Party politician Hermann Ott criticized in Berlin that Rottgen must persuade the EU to increase its CO2 reduction target from the current 20 to 30 percent. Topfer called for Germany to play a leading role in CancÃºn.
Progress expected on forest protection
A breakthrough on a path to a new climate treaty is not expected in Mexico. However, progress is to be made in sub-areas such as forest protection and financing climate aid for poor countries. Several countries also want the non-binding decisions of the Copenhagen summit to be formally adopted. This includes the two-degree target and voluntary pledges by around 80 countries to limit carbon dioxide emissions.
Rottgen calls for an overall package to be agreed in CancÃºn that includes the building blocks of a successor treaty to the Kyoto Agreement, which expires in 2012. "Progress must be made in every area," the minister emphasized. "We can't cherry-pick."What is needed is an agreement in which everyone has to make their contribution.